Darmstadt / Berlin (dpa / tmn) – About one in five young people can imagine later working in nursing or childcare. This was demonstrated in 2020 by a survey of more than 1,000 young people aged 14 to 20 on behalf of the Ministry of Family Affairs.
Respondents were less enthusiastic about the working and payment conditions. But what paths lead to care? And what uses are they preparing for?
– Auxiliary nurse:
The shortest route to a nursing profession is training as a practical nurse. Depending on the state, it takes one to two years. Admission requirements are usually a secondary school leaving certificate.
“As a nursing assistant you work directly with people,” says Alexander Daniel, nursing educator and member of the Federal Nursing Education Working Group of the German Professional Association of Nursing (DBfK). “You support nursing staff in tasks such as providing food, positioning or personal hygiene to those in need of care.”
– Nurse / woman:
The training to become a nurse has been reorganized by the law on the nursing profession since the beginning of 2020. Before the new regulations, future nurses had to choose between different training courses, for example in child care or the elderly.
“Now you get to know all areas during the apprenticeship,” says Hans Peter Engelhard, from the nursing training team of the Federal Office for Family and Civil Society (BAFzA).
With this generalist training, graduates can then work in all areas of nursing. The training lasts three years. The prerequisite is an average level of maturity or training as an auxiliary nurse. Trainees receive remuneration from the training company during their apprenticeship. Another novelty is that tuition fees no longer have to be paid in private vocational schools.
Interested parties can also start breastfeeding with a diploma. Typically, a university entrance qualification is required. In some places, however, full training as a nurse can also be credited.
“The big difference between studying and training is that the theoretical part of the course is more in-depth and more demanding,” says Engelhard. In this way, future nurses would learn to evaluate studies and transfer current research results into practice in order to improve patient care.
– Combined models and double studies:
If you want to work in nursing practice, you shouldn’t just rely on a degree. “Most companies prefer to see someone who has taken nursing training alongside their studies,” says Arndt Blessing, director of the Darmstadt Health Training Center.
If you wish to combine your studies and your training, you currently have the possibility to have your acquired knowledge credited and thus shorten the total duration of six years. Alternatively, there are regional double courses.
However, due to the Nursing Professions Act, these models are gradually disappearing. New is a study model introduced with the Nursing Professions Act which combines practical training with academic qualification. Upon completion of this study program of at least three years, you will receive a bachelor’s degree and a specialist nurse diploma. “The future belongs to this course,” says Engelhard.
Info box: Anyone interested in nursing care must do an internship beforehand. “It gives you a good idea of what to expect,” says Alexander Daniel of DBfK. Detailed information on the different options and an overview of nursing schools can be found on the website pflegeausbildung.net of the Federal Ministry for Families, Seniors, Women and Youth (BMFSFJ). The nursing schools themselves are also good contacts.