This Friday, Cuba raised to 54 the report of new infections by COVID-19, which continue to increase, mainly in Havana with 43 positives on the last day, numbers that signify a setback in the deceleration that started on July 3 in the country.
Today’s 54 cases – 52 Cubans and 2 Mexicans residing on the island – in the updated area of the Ministry of Public Health (Minsap) represent the highest daily value reported in the past three months.
Of this new group, 47 were confirmed case contacts, four were infected abroad, and one was unspecified, while 40 were asymptomatic among the 3,941 samples examined the previous day.
The coronavirus outbreak on the island was caused by several events of local transmission and outbreaks of the disease that have appeared in the last two weeks in the provinces of Havana and Artemisa, which have skyrocketed since last Monday at 24, on Tuesday. It rose to 31 on Wednesday 25 and yesterday Thursday was 49.
The Cuban capital – the only area on the island stagnating in phase 1 of the reopening – concentrates 43 of the new positive cases, 18 of them detected in the municipality of Habana del Este and the rest distributed between Marianao, Boyeros, Plaza de la Revolución, 10 October, Old Havana, Centro Habana, La Lisa, Guanabacoa and Playa.
The province of Artemisa, which has the highest incidence rate on the island due to the outbreaks it notified in the last 15 days, reported 4 new cases on this day, while Villa Clara registered 6, 1 corresponding to a resident in Matanzas that he was detected in his return from a trip abroad.
Havana accumulates 1,536 infected and, of the five epidemiological indicators established in the deceleration, it only fulfills those of positive cases with a proven source of infection and local transmission, while it does not comply with the incidence rate, the basic reproductive index (1, 75) and the number of active cases (125), according to data from Minsap published the day before.
In its territory there have already been seven local transmission events, five community and two institutional and 26 open source controls, in the municipalities of Habana del Este, Centro Habana, Marianao and La Lisa.
The health authorities of the capital attribute the infectious repercussion to the deficient investigation activity of the health teams, to the flexibility of the protection measures, to the abandonment of the use of the mask and to the systematic violation of the indications in bars, cafeterias, swimming pools and other service centers, mainly at night.
In addition, they consider that the increase in urban mobility has influenced the non-compliance with safety measures and protocols established in health centers, which has generated infections in health professionals.
The director of Epidemiology at Minsap, Francisco Durán, highlighted in his daily press conference that the irresponsible behavior of some people has led to the current situation in which Cuban authorities announced the immediate application of 20 measures to stop the new wave of infections, centered on the western region of the country.
STRENGTHENING THE MEASURES
The strengthening of hygienic-sanitary measures – which implies a partial return to the “epidemic phase” prior to the reopening – begins on Friday with a limitation to the minimum possible access to Havana, which cannot be reached by public transport. mass, but in private cars.
The highest authorities in Havana announced the day before that the capacity of public buses and taxis will be restricted, which will only operate until 11 pm local time, time limit for the movement of people on the streets.
In this context, the bars and restaurants, which have been open with limitations since 3 July, will only be open until 9 pm and in the first they will only be able to offer drinks and it will not be possible to dance.
These provisions, whose application has been announced “strictly” according to the authorities, also maintain the mandatory use of the mask outside homes.
The province of Artemisa, on the border with Havana and until now in the third and last phase of reopening, will return to phase 2. This territory has already surpassed the capital in the number of cases by number of inhabitants due to two large outbreaks that add up in total, almost hundred infections.
The locality of Bauta, the most affected in that province, returns to phase 1, which includes the limited operation of some activities and economic services, together with the mandatory mask, which in the following phases is only used in closed spaces.
The country’s borders have also been closed since April, with the exception of the entry of humanitarian flights, goods and the transfer of its medical brigades.
Although most of the country has moved to phase 3 – which includes resuming scheduled flights – the Cuban government has announced that it will not open borders until Havana, the country’s main gateway, does not slow down.
The reopening of international tourism – one of the sectors of the Cuban economy most affected by the pandemic – is permitted, but only on the islets that surround the big island, where visitors do not have access.
THE PANDEMIC IN CUBA
Of the 2,829 patients diagnosed with the disease in Cuba since last March, 310 remain confirmed, of which 304 (98.1%) have a stable clinical course and 6 patients are in serious condition.
The number of deaths to date is 88, the evacuees are 2 and the recovered patients total 2,429, of whom 20 were discharged yesterday.
Currently, there are 686 patients admitted to Cuban hospitals and 11,351 people are monitored by the community program for Primary Health Care.